are Swedish fish gluten-free

In the vast world of confectionery delights, one candy has captured the hearts of many – the Swedish Fish. These bright, chewy, and flavorful treats have become a beloved staple in the candy aisles. But amidst the joy they bring, a puzzling question lingers.

Are Swedish Fish truly gluten-free? The answer may not be as straightforward as one would expect, as we delve into the intricacies of ingredients, manufacturing processes, and the potential impact on individuals with gluten sensitivities.

The Swedish Fish: A Brief History

Before we dive into the gluten-free conundrum, let’s take a moment to appreciate the origins of these iconic candies. Contrary to what the name might suggest, Swedish Fish did not originate in Sweden.

These delectable gummy treats were first introduced in the late 1950s by a Swedish confectionery company called Malaco. Initially, they were fish-shaped gummies known as “Fiskar” in Swedish. Over time, their popularity grew, and they crossed international borders, becoming a global sensation.

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Decoding the Ingredients

The quest for determining whether Swedish Fish are gluten-free begins with an investigation into their ingredients. The classic Swedish Fish flavor contains the following key components:

  • Sugar
  • Invert sugar
  • Corn syrup
  • Modified corn starch
  • Citric acid
  • White mineral oil
  • Natural and artificial flavors
  • Red 40
  • Carnauba wax

At first glance, there are no explicit gluten-containing ingredients like wheat, barley, or rye in the list. Therefore, Swedish Fish might seem gluten-free based on the ingredient list alone. However, the phrase “modified corn starch” raises some eyebrows, as it leaves room for ambiguity regarding the source of the starch.

The Modified Corn Starch Conundrum

Modified corn starch is a common ingredient used in many food products as a thickening agent. Its purpose is to enhance texture and consistency. The challenge with modified corn starch lies in the potential risk of cross-contamination during processing. Manufacturers may use shared equipment for different products, including those containing gluten, leading to unintentional gluten exposure.

Furthermore, not all modified corn starch is derived from corn. In some cases, it may be sourced from wheat, making it unsafe for those with gluten sensitivities. Unfortunately, the ingredient label doesn’t provide specific details about the origin of the modified corn starch in Swedish Fish, leaving consumers uncertain about potential gluten contamination.

The Manufacturing Process

Beyond the ingredients, the manufacturing process also plays a crucial role in determining whether a product is gluten-free. While the ingredient list may be free of gluten, the risk of cross-contamination during production is a valid concern.

Manufacturing facilities often handle multiple products, including those with gluten. The risk of gluten particles spreading and settling on equipment surfaces is ever-present. Even the most stringent cleaning protocols may not entirely eliminate the possibility of cross-contamination. Consequently, Swedish Fish may come into contact with gluten during production, making them potentially unsafe for individuals with celiac disease or gluten intolerance.

Certifications and Labels

As awareness of food allergies and sensitivities increases, some manufacturers opt for gluten-free certifications on their products. However, it’s essential to note that the absence of a gluten-free label doesn’t necessarily mean the product contains gluten. Some companies may independently test their products for gluten content but choose not to seek official certifications.


The question of whether Swedish Fish are truly gluten-free remains open-ended. While their ingredient list does not contain gluten, the presence of modified corn starch raises concerns about potential cross-contamination during manufacturing. Individuals with gluten sensitivities or celiac disease should exercise caution and consider the potential risks before indulging in these delightful gummy candies.

As consumers, it is crucial to stay informed, reach out to manufacturers for clarification, and prioritize our health and well-being when making dietary choices. Perhaps one day, we will have a definitive answer to the Swedish Fish enigma, but until then, let this serve as a reminder to approach every sweet temptation with a thoughtful and informed mind.

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